Learning Conversations

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Category: Self-Esteem

Gender Dance – Patriarchal Society: American Samoa


Dancing forms an integral custom and culture of American Samoa. Therefore, in the lecture, there was an incisive discussion of gender dance within American Samoan society, which is highly patriarchal. While men and women may perform dances, it is important to note that it comprises hand claps as well as body claps.


The purpose of dance within American Samoa is that it supports their way of life, which includes family, faith, and music. It aims at keeping alive their traditions while at the same time embracing that of the younger generation. Also, the dance in American Samoa can be used to energize or inspire teams before individual sports such as the Manu Siva Tau.


Today, I learned that dance is an integral part of the American Samoan culture that requires the participation of the entire society. Additionally, it also has a rich history that needs to be appreciated by all members learning about it. Further, I found out that most of the dances incorporate both men and women within the society.


The biggest impact that I obtained from the lecture was that the dances within American Samoa have a traditional origin that continues to inspire the discovery of their history.


On reflection, it is evident that I would associate myself much with my culture as a way of learning its past and participating in its activities such as dancing as is the case with American Samoans.


The lecture about dance in American Samoan shows that dance, which is an integral part of culture can unify a society around its ideals or mission within a particular part of the world.


Today’s lecture was important as it offered knowledge on dances within an often ignored part of the world with a rich culture, which is American Samoan.

Male and Female Maturation

According to Carson (2013), genetic and environmental causes greatly influence the maturation of human male and females. Maturation is characterized by the development of secondary sexual characteristics, a process that greatly depends on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Most of the girls mature 2 to 3 years earlier than boys although the process varies from one individual to another. Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are released by the pituitary gland to facilitate the maturation process in both males and females. Luteinizing hormone stimulates gonads to produce estrogen and progesterone in females, and testosterone in males. The function of the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is to excite the gonads to release female eggs and sperms in males. Production of both hormones, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone marks an important phase in development and maturation of males and females. If the pituitary glands are not in a position to release the maturation hormones, then the person’s gonads remains active but cannot facilitate the reproduction process (Carson 2013). Apart from production of sperms and ova, there are other exclusive changes that mark maturation of boys and girls. The scrotum, seminal vesicles, prostate glands and testes for boys start enlarging at the onset of maturation. The length of the penis starts increasing, as pubic and facial hair start growing (Gray et al. 2016). In girls, pubic and axillary hair starts to grow and breasts starts developing. Females receive their monthly menses and their hips broaden. Most girls begin to gain weight and more fat is deposited, mostly around the hips, thighs and buttocks. The inner lips of the vulva, Labia minora, develops.