Learning Conversations

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Author: Heidi

The Rights of Women

Anna Barbauld’s poem The Rights of Women is an inconsistent poem that has a conflicting topic that starts with the plural Rights and ends with the word women. These differing words are used to illustrate the central theme of the poem, which begins with a revolution of women, but closes with a warning on the effects of this revolution. These societal occurrences motivated and influenced the poet into creating the poem.

The poet created several lines of in the poem to illustrate the conflicts that emanated from the revolution. For example, an individual must rule, but cannot be free (20). The poet shows how feminism is full of controversies since it was established. The line presents the poet intentions by showing the most central theme of conflict in the poem, but the arguments originated from the poet’s internal conflict. The statement also explains that the author must have enjoyed her popularity but did not did experience the subject matter as other female artists did. Furthermore, the structure of the poem was developed in such a way that it illustrates the resonant, which is an internal conflict and the central motive of the writer.

The first stanza of the poem starts with the internal conflict calling to a woman and not women as described in the poem’s title (1). The poet continues to illustrate the implication of contradiction in line three and four of the poem. Whereby, the ruling in law means controlling in reason and logic. However, inclosing an empire above the breast means ruling based on emotions and the issues of the heart. Moreover, the poet seems to be lamenting how women rule without using their hearts.

The second stanza of the poem illustrates further internal conflict, which demonstrates beauty and ornamentation. Moreover, the poet asks men to reduce their pride and show off while comparing women to divinity (7-8). For instance, if the male community cannot boasts of their rule then women should express their representation to religion. The contradiction illustrates the thought of inferred conflict in the poem. The poet also uses tools of women to indicate an association and disagreement between the sources of man’s misunderstandings between one another and woman’s conflict and the male society. Additionally, Anna states that the rights of women are felt and not defined if debated it disappear like the sacred mysteries (14). Just like the mysteries of the gospel, the rights of women have been made mysterious. The statement also illustrates the challenges the poet experienced while writing the poem because it devalued the matters she as trying to claim and prove.

Apart from this, the poet used the first six stanzas to present the theme of conflict between man and woman. These sections discuss a more complex and parallel argument about how women rule men. For instance, the poet, makes the readers understand that it was time for the women to assert themselves in the society and gain dominance within the male-dominated context. The last two stanzas of the poem illustrate a shift of the central theme whereby, the poets, expects her hopes expressed in the first six sections to be right and women to gain their dominance, which they will not manage to hold. Furthermore, they will always soften their rules and do away with their pride when ruling men (27-28). Finally, in the poet’s last stanza, the line illustrates that women desire to rule over men is not natural and will be wasted. Therefore, conflict is not permanent, and nature will not allow women to rule over men because their love will take over their pride and anger.

Jane Austen Persuasion is a reflection of her life, and it mainly presents the depressed qualities of her experience after she rejects Captain Wentworth the original marriage proposal. She uses Anne as a character with many admirable traits different from other characters around her. The author explores the social relationship between people in the middle-class society living in refined society using Anne as her heroin. She makes readers understand that Anne gave up her relationship with Wentworth after friends and relatives telling her the relationship was not good because Wentworth was not a good man for her (110). Therefore, the author develops the action around Anne reacquainted with Wentworth.

The conflict in the novel occurs in various contexts, the Kellynch Hall, Anne’s ancestral home, the country village of Uppercross and the city of Bath where Austen explores what constitutes a good marriage between the affluent and the underprivileged. The author feels that people move up social classes through marriage and the navigational profession. The characters in the novel are used to defend the principles and customs used to define societal constructions. Additionally, Austen asks whether it is good to remain in one’s opinions or to be vulnerable to the recommendations of others. For example, Captain Wentworth believes that the woman he was to marry is supposed to be intelligent and have an independent mind. On the other hand, Anne assumes that these are good qualities but remains receptive to a sense of obligation (19). Therefore, the author used these characters to make the readers judge whether persuasion is an optimistic or undesirable influence in the novel.

The most important subject matter in Persuasion is the effect of class distinction where the author uses irony and satire to illustrate the Victorian class inflexibility and its outdated societal values. She uses a realistic representation of families and characters to capture the major defects of the society. Moreover, she used understatements and overstatements to represents major ideas like social relationships between people of different classes in the novel, which illustrates her negative attitude towards the Victorian class division.

A Receipt for Writing a Novel by Mary Alcock is a satirical comment on the typicality of devices writers use in their literary works. She commented on the formulaic content depicted in the contemporary novels. In the poem, the poet advises female writers of the cultural construction that were very common during the current period. The poet mainly complained of the repetitive material that was common among writers. She says these stories supply the female pen that is frequently circulated without any changes (7). Additionally, the poets used the poem to illustrate how poetry was expended as an anecdote to the fragmentation of the novel, and it became a means of reflectiveness, comprehensiveness, as well as the wholeness of concepts. Alcock advises female novelist to develop characters with virtuous traits people can identify, and use of vivid descriptions was not an accurate representation of activities practiced by the writers. Lastly, the poet used a satirical tone to make the readers understand the challenges the novelists were experiencing while creating the novels.

 

Conclusion

This article has discussed the role of reason and emotion of Anna Barbauld’s poem The Rights of Women and Jane Austen Persuasion by examining the artists’ feelings and motives that inspired their writings. The artists’ previous experiences influenced their works, and the literary materials are a reflection of their lives. Barbauld’s poem explores issues of conflict between men and women. Austen’s Persuasion presents issues of social relationships between middle-class men and womenfolk living in a community not influenced by political and economic problems. Austen used a satiric mood to illustrate the adverse effects of the class division during the Victorian period. Finally, Alcock’s A Receipt for Writing a Novel is a satirical comment on the prescribed structure of contemporary novels that opened the discussion for a more serious issues like feminism and if you are interested you can go read these essays about feminism for more information.

Gender Dance – Patriarchal Society: American Samoa

1.

Dancing forms an integral custom and culture of American Samoa. Therefore, in the lecture, there was an incisive discussion of gender dance within American Samoan society, which is highly patriarchal. While men and women may perform dances, it is important to note that it comprises hand claps as well as body claps.

2.

The purpose of dance within American Samoa is that it supports their way of life, which includes family, faith, and music. It aims at keeping alive their traditions while at the same time embracing that of the younger generation. Also, the dance in American Samoa can be used to energize or inspire teams before individual sports such as the Manu Siva Tau.

3.

Today, I learned that dance is an integral part of the American Samoan culture that requires the participation of the entire society. Additionally, it also has a rich history that needs to be appreciated by all members learning about it. Further, I found out that most of the dances incorporate both men and women within the society.

4.

The biggest impact that I obtained from the lecture was that the dances within American Samoa have a traditional origin that continues to inspire the discovery of their history.

5.

On reflection, it is evident that I would associate myself much with my culture as a way of learning its past and participating in its activities such as dancing as is the case with American Samoans.

6.

The lecture about dance in American Samoan shows that dance, which is an integral part of culture can unify a society around its ideals or mission within a particular part of the world.

7.

Today’s lecture was important as it offered knowledge on dances within an often ignored part of the world with a rich culture, which is American Samoan.

Male and Female Maturation

According to Carson (2013), genetic and environmental causes greatly influence the maturation of human male and females. Maturation is characterized by the development of secondary sexual characteristics, a process that greatly depends on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Most of the girls mature 2 to 3 years earlier than boys although the process varies from one individual to another. Luteinizing hormone and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) are released by the pituitary gland to facilitate the maturation process in both males and females. Luteinizing hormone stimulates gonads to produce estrogen and progesterone in females, and testosterone in males. The function of the follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is to excite the gonads to release female eggs and sperms in males. Production of both hormones, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone marks an important phase in development and maturation of males and females. If the pituitary glands are not in a position to release the maturation hormones, then the person’s gonads remains active but cannot facilitate the reproduction process (Carson 2013). Apart from production of sperms and ova, there are other exclusive changes that mark maturation of boys and girls. The scrotum, seminal vesicles, prostate glands and testes for boys start enlarging at the onset of maturation. The length of the penis starts increasing, as pubic and facial hair start growing (Gray et al. 2016). In girls, pubic and axillary hair starts to grow and breasts starts developing. Females receive their monthly menses and their hips broaden. Most girls begin to gain weight and more fat is deposited, mostly around the hips, thighs and buttocks. The inner lips of the vulva, Labia minora, develops.

Parenting Tips – How to Discipline Children

When parents want their children to behave appropriately, they will rely on certain discipline strategies that will ensure the good behavior of their off-springs. All of these strategies are positive – most of the times – and don’t mean punishment. They should be based on talking parents and children that listen.

But raising children is hard, and a parent might not always know what the best approach is. That’s why, in the following paragraphs, we will detail to you some parenting tips that will help you discipline your children.

Communication Is Important

As your children begin to mature and to understand you, you should learn how to communicate with them. The way you explain to them the things that are good and those that are bad is very important. You must make sure that you take a simple approach when communicating with your child.

This means that you should go for a form of open communication – basically, explaining to them everything that must be explained, without leaving information behind or keeping it hidden.

They must understand clearly what will happen if they don’t behave accordingly – and you also mustn’t turn a blind eye when it’s time for consequences.

Choose the Way of Positive Parenting

Do you want to know how to be a good parent? That’s easy – be positive when raising your children. Don’t frighten them with punishments or any other negative ways of discipline.

Positive parenting means that you should not apply irrational or unnatural consequences because of your children’s misbehavior. Treat every matter in a logical way. For example, if your child spends more time playing on the computer than allowed, you should not forbid him or her using it – instead, tell them that the next day they will be allowed less time on the computer, to make it up for today.

This will make them more responsible and pay more attention when it comes to something that’s important to them.

Moreover, sending them to their room if they’ve misbehaved shouldn’t be the way you approach the situation. Instead, search for an immediate consequence rather than giving them the time alone they need after you’ve scolded them.

Ask for Parenting Advice

There’s no doubt – parenting is hard!

While you might dislike someone who’s telling you how to raise your children, it’s important to listen to this kind of advice from time to time. Furthermore, if you are looking for such advice, it is recommended that you call your parents or meet with your closest friends and ask them for your help.

You may be new to the world of parenting, but your parents are not. They have parenting skills that have probably been forged in fire – if you were a naughty child. It is always a good thing to have your parents close to you when raising your child.

This means three or more different mindsets that work towards the same goal – the appropriate behavior of your children; you can be sure that everything will work out in the end.

Have a Set of Family Rules

Naturally, being a parent implies rules for your children. However, you should start off by making a set of rules for the entire family. You already know this, but a child’s behavior is very influenced by the behavior of their parents – therefore, why should your children respect the rules even you don’t respect?

The first set of rules should be basic – all of the family members have to help around the house; we don’t misplace our things; we speak nicely to people. Of course, as the children grow, you will be adding some rules that will refer only to them and to what are the expectations you have.

This is yet another thing that will make your child more responsible – knowing that he or she is expected to do something, or else there will be consequences. If the child’s room is not clean, while the parents have cleaned theirs, then the parents could cancel a walk in the park just so that the child cleans the room. Simple – look for consequences rather than for punishment.

Scold – But Also Praise!

It’s natural for you to scold your children after they’ve done something bad, didn’t respect the house rules or such other things.

But, next on the list of communication tips you should consider, is the tip that encourages you to praise your children every time they’ve done something good. And you shouldn’t consider the fact that you are angry at them because of something they might have done.

You do so because this will increase their self-esteem and make them more confident. A child whose manners and good behavior are not praised will think that he or she is not doing them the right way, and therefore might develop a feeling of insecurity.

Disciplining your children does not mean you should always be rigid and hard to approach. A stiff parent will grow a stiff child – but also a child that’s introverted and has a hard time approaching children his own age.

School, Preteens, and Teens

Until they get into school, it’s easy to make your children behave appropriately. If you explain them the situation they’re in and why you don’t like what they’ve done every time they’re misbehaving, then you shouldn’t have any issues.

However, once they have homework as well as other responsibilities than those they have at home – your school-aged children and preteens will have a difficult time keeping up with what they are supposed to do.

When your child is in school, a good behavior means that he will try to do everything that he has to do. You could set up a family writing service to help him with one of those things, but it is better just to remind your child of the obligations he or she has.

On the other hand, preteens and teens will give you a hard time as this is the time when your children begin to talk back and have that major attitude even you had once. In this case, it’s better to understand the position they’re in – they are not mad on you and definitely not trying to get you angry; they are just upset that they are not getting everything they want at the moment and get frustrated because of this.

As we mentioned at the beginning of this article, you should have a positive approach to parenting and communicate with your children whenever you can – this will let them know that they can open to you whenever there’s something that troubles them.

Now, if you consider all of these tips, by the time your children get to college, then to University and become students – which is the step just before adulthood -, they will be disciplined, well-behaved, and your relationship with them will be as every parent-child relationship should be.